When India is considered as one of the fastest growing economies in the world, an alarm like situation have been triggered in the country, which is known as the pollution. Many large cities of India have been mentioned in the list of the most polluted cities in the world. It is the most alarming situation for the country. Development should not be only priority of India. To make better life, India need to tackle the situation of pollution in each major city.
Be Careful When You Visit These 10 Most Polluted Cities in India
1. Delhi, National Capital
Delhi is the second most polluted city in the world and the most polluted city in India. WHO has said that the situation in Delhi is so worst that its air has PM 2.5 concentrations of 153 micrograms. It is more than permissible limits. Matter of pollution should be given special attention as this city has maximum population.
Read Also: Tourist Places in Delhi
2. Patna, Bihar
After Delhi, Patna is the most polluted city in India. Though it is not an industrial city, then too it is ranked 2nd in the most polluted cities in India. The main source of income of this region is based on agriculture. Government and citizen needs to control pollution as it is a great danger for present and upcoming generation. In this region, the level of harmful particles are 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5).
3. Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
Gwalior is located in northern Madhya Pradesh, India. This is the third most polluted city in India. Gwalior is a historical place, so special efforts should be made to take pollution under control as it effects historical places and tourists. According to Central Pollution Control Board, the particulate matter is at 329 micrograms per cube meter, i.e. 5 times the permissible limit of 60 micrograms.
4. Rajpur, Chattisgarh
Rajpur is one of the most polluted cities in India which is ranked 4th in India. The main reason for pollution in this area is it has many power plants. It is very rich in coal and production of electricity. SPM in air is 250 micrograms per cubic meter while the concentration of dust particles in 350 parts per million. The respirable particles are 230 PPM.
5. Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Ahmedabad, the third fastest growing country of the world is also a 5th most polluted city. The main reason for pollution in Ahmedabad is it has textile industries. The study of measuring pollution shows that annual mean concentration of the particulate matter of less than 10 microns of diameter and less than 2.5 microns.
Read Also: 10 Best Tourist Places in Ahmedabad
6. Firozabad, Utter Pradesh
Firozabad is located in the state of Utter Pradesh which is considered as one of the most polluted cities in India. It is also known as the city of bangle. This city has many glass industries and so it may be the reason of pollution. It is suffering from water pollution since last few years and air pollution by this city’s industries is responsible for corrosion of Taj Mahal’s white marble. The level of harmful particles in the air are less than PM10.
7. Amritsar, Punjab
A WHO report says that the city of Amritsar is the ninth most polluted city in India. It is one
of the largest cities of India. In this list, Amritsar ranked the seventh most polluted city in India. The main reason for pollution in this city is smoke and increase in number of vehicles. The study of air pollution conducted by IIT Delhi found the particulate matter PM10 concentration.
8. Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Kanpur is famous for leather industry successful in meeting national and international demand for leather of best quality. It is also considered as one of the most polluted cities in India. The leather industry creates a huge and hazardous pollution. About 30 crore litres of dirty and polluted water is dumped in the Ganges river. It is also generating 400 tones of solid waste and there is a rampant pollution in ground water source. It has also damaged farmer’s farms.
9. Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Agra is a famous tourist destination in India. It has a famous and beautiful place called Taj Mahal. But due to increase in pollution by mining, dry sand and acid rain, its marbles and other parts of monument have also damaged. Hence, it is considered as one of the most polluted cities in India. Government and citizens should take a step forward for reducing pollution. By the combine effort, pollution will be reduced in next few years.
10. Ludhiana, Punjab
Ludhiana ranks 10th in the list of most polluted cities in India. Ludhiana is an industrial city and widely known as the hub of many industries. Due to increase in number of industries, without check mark for the purpose of industrial development, pollution have been increased. Steps should be taken to reduce pollution and to save environment.
Article first published on December 29, 2015.